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Enmore Plantation, Barbados

Enmore Plantation, was once located near Bridgetown, Barbados. Owned by The Cavan Bros., then Austins. There is now proof that there is and Enmore Cottage, which was owned by Richard Taylor, not this Enmore !

NOV 22, 2014
Enmore Hotel a.k.a.
Enmore (Cavans/Austins)

"Richard once lived in Trinidad. then Lagunillas Venezuela, and while in Lagunillas after a holilday in Barbados he was with his brother left behind to go to Lodge School St. Johns Barbados His family had gone to Barbados on Holiday. They stayed in what was then, Enmore Hotel. (photo above). The hotel was run by one Mr George or Jack Hards, a convivial host to his father... When Richard's parents went back to Venezuela his brother and him were left behind at Lodge school would, and go and stay at the Enmore Hotel, which in those days were still pleasantly surrounded by large lawns and gardens and trees. He used to play bowls with his brother on the large lawn to the rear of the house. A happy childhood as back then he was just 12 years old and my brother 11.
You could read more about Richard's adventures in Barbados 'A Topical childhood' by Richard Dolman.
Left of image is the original stone circle driveway which exists today in front of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Ambulance Service, as Enmore Cottage is no more. Note how it matches watercolor below.
Lower Collymore Rock RD just before Martindales RD, Barbados on the right (see maps below)
JAN1950 "
Courtesy of the Richard Dolman Collection

Enmore DEC 25, 1988

Newsclipping on Enmore plantation, Barbados (Click to open 1.26 MB image)
Courtesy of Harriet Pierce, Barbado Library

Research from Aug 19, 2012
Search on "Enmore, Barbados" Goodle search engine, pg 5
About John Gardiner "J.G.A." AUSTIN Jnr.
"...Towards the end of 1856 the young man was offered a post in Barbados by 'Uncle Rennie' who had married J.G.A.'s mother's sister, Fanny Wilday. Uncle Rennie was a partner in the Colonial Company of which Michael Cavan & Company in Barbados was a subsidiary. This firm, which gave its name to Cavan's Lane in Bridgetown, was founded in 1797 by James Cavan, an Irishman who came to Barbados from Virginia. He was later joined by his brother Michael. They did not confine their business activities to the island for they had also founded a firm in London, first known as Cavan Bros & Company and this eventually became the Colonial Company. Michael Cavan died in 1832, and was buried in a vault in St Michael's Cathedral. He was succeeded in partnership by his nephew Michael McChlery, who had joined the firm a few years earlier. The 'Barbadian Newspaper' of Nov: 5th 1836 records that 'the branch of the Colonial Bank under the agency of Mr Michael McChlery will transact business at Cavan's House at the Pierhead.' The Colonial Bank, founded by Royal Charter in 1836 is now Barclays International. In 1838 the same newspaper states that Cavans would receive silver dollars at 6/6 currency and doubloons at £5. During this early period the firm operated it's own shipping line. In April the 'Barbadian Newspaper' gives an account of a fleet of new ships belonging to Michael Cavan & Company adding 'there is another being built at Bristol of 5,000 tons to be called the 'Enmore' after the old established residence of the firm on the outskirts of the city.' However, they ceased to operate their own vessels when appointed agents for the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company...." [The Enmore Sloop Ship]
The reference above to Enmore would probably be related to Iron plant at the outskirts of Bristol, which is where Enmore lies. It would have nothing to do with Barbadoes or the Taylor Plantation.
The Enmore was a wooden ship-rigged merchantman built by Green Shipbuilders in Bristol in 1858, the last known ship built by the shipyard. WIKI
Enmore ship sails

The ruins of the old windmill alone remain as a reminder of the past...."

"...Things were going well in business and in 1872 the head of the firm, Mr Baird, a Scotsman, retired and J.G.A., aged 34 succeeded him as senior partner. The family moved to Enmore, the old established residence on the outskirts of the city mentioned by the 'Barbadian Newspaper'. Enmore is the name of a Somersetshire village and it is probable that from the early days of colonisation there was a house or cottage of that name near Bridgetown, called thus perhaps by a homesick West Countryman. The two Cavan brothers, founders of the firm, had bought a parcel of land north of an adjoining property belonging to the Martindale family. The road bounding the two properties is still called Martindale's Road. The house, Enmore, which the Cavans built on their land, was designed as the residence of the senior partner of their firm. They furnished it handsomely, sending to London for furniture and canteens of silver (some of which still survives) so that they could entertain in style. [NOTE: Above they say built, here they confirm it was either not Enmore and some other property named Enmore, or the Original Enmore of Richard and Elizabeth Taylor of Barbados. Roy believes it's the latter, as Taylor Enmore is on the outskirts of Bridgetown.] This house was considerably damaged by the 1831 hurricane but was rebuilt during the ensuing years and the present building dates from that period. It is two storied, constructed of blocks of the local coral sandstone with a parapet roof to reduce danger from hurricane, the rooms of pleasant proportions and surrounded on three sides by wide, shady verandas, these paved in grey and white marble squares. This material was employed extensively at this time. Being brought out in ballast from Europe it was comparatively cheap to use as well as being elegant in appearance...."

"...The baths were made of marble, one big enough for the children to use for swimming, the goldfish swam in a marble pool and even the kitchen sinks were of marble. The house had all the amenities of that era, including a beehive-shaped hurricane shelter, a well with windmill to supply the water which was brought by conduit and 'drip-stones' for purifying and cooling it for drinking. There was an enclosed yard with airy rooms for the women servants (slavery had been abolished in 1834) whilst the men servants were accommodated over the coach house and stables. There was also a wine cellar which may have been a vestige of the older house. There were wide pastures of guinea and sour grass to feed the horses and in one paddock roamed deer imported from Canada. The first inhabitants of this mansion were the Cavan brothers, then Mr McChlery, then Mr Baird himself (referred to by J.G.A. as 'Old Gorilla'), then J.G.A. himself. With his occupation a turtle crawl was built, for turtle meat and soup were popular in these days of opulent dining and J.G.A. was hospitable and loved entertaining. Part of the grounds were levelled and turned into grass tennis courts. The Enmore Tennis Club met every Tuesday afternoon for over twenty years and, in the opinion of its members, to belong to this club was the hallmark of 'good society'. ..."

"...The next few years passed happily and the family increased to eight. Relatives and friends from Demerara and elsewhere were welcome guests at Enmore, the visits either social or for convalescence after illness. Trips to England were regular and on one of these occasions the eldest daughter was left at school at 'home'. J.G.A. had also been appointed honorary consul by Norway, Sweden and France. Although honorary, there was nevertheless a great deal of work and responsibility attached to the appointments, particularly with regard to shipping, and later he was honoured by being made a Knight of the Scandinavian orders of St Olaf and of Vasa...."

"...Towards the end of the 1870's the price of sugar went down and down. The effect of this was felt by merchants as well as by planters whose estates were often thrown into Chancery. The good times were at an end. In the middle 80's it proved impossible to maintain Enmore. It was sold and the family moved to Bay Cottage, a far more humble dwelling next to the Great House (Bay Mansion) of the old Bay Plantation, facing the sea. Transport from Bay Cottage to Bridgetown by mule train was easier than it had been at Enmore and it was, here that the five boys, 'Ruff', Arthur, Harold, Malcolm, Frank and the two girls, Daisy 'D.H.A.' and Mabel spent their schooldays. There was no question now of their being sent to England, and the boys were educated at Harrison College and the girls at Queen's College, but somehow the eldest girl was kept at 'home' until she grew up...."

"...These years were saddened for J.G.A. by the deaths of his own brothers and sisters. By the early nineties he and Belle were the only two left of that big family. Enmore had been bought by a Mrs St Hill whose relations lived nearby at Stockton. On her death it was found that she had left instructions in her will that J.G.A., for whom she had an affectionate respect, was to have the first opportunity of buying back the property should he be able to offer any reasonable amount for it. Such was the poverty of the times that big houses with several acres of land were changing hands for a few hundred pounds. J.G.A. did not even have this small amount but his children were growing up, one son at least was a wage-earner, and they all agreed to contribute their savings, most of which must have been gifts from godparents and relatives, or their shares in the fleet of lighters operated by Cavan's. Belle sent money from Sweden and a certain amount was left on mortgage, so in 1898 the family moved back to their dearly-loved home [Enmore], just in time for the hurricane of September that year. This hurricane was not to be compared in violence with that of 1831 and the house was not seriously damaged...."

"...J.G.A.'s last years were clouded with business worries and anxieties which affected his health. Early in 1902 he died suddenly of an aneurism of the heart and with him the old firm of Cavan's ceased to exist and went into bankruptcy. He was buried in the Austin vault at St Leonard's Bridgetown. Other family members, Charles Pierrepont (d. 1868), Jeffrey Hugh Gardiner (d. 1872), Francis Elwyn Wilday Gardiner (d. 1938), Malcolm Burnett Gardiner (d. 1958), Harold Bruce Gardiner (d. 1943), Bruce Wilday Gardiner (d. 1971), and his wife Marion (d. 1989) are also interred in the same vault Enmore was left to his widow, Dora, who continued to live there with the unmarried children. Her son Harold worked successfully to revive the family firm, under the name of Gardiner Austin & Company and was later joined by his youngest brother, Francis. Such was the respect felt for J.G.A. in the business world that most of the agencies for which Cavan's had been responsible were now handed on to his sons in the new firm. One of the most important was that of Lloyds and J.G.A.'s grandson, Bruce Wilday Gardiner Austin, was invited to London by the directors of Lloyds to receive a silver plaque, given to the firm of Gardiner Austin & Co. in recognition of over 100 years of faithful service. This was the third silver plaque in the western hemisphere to be awarded, only New York and Montreal being senior to Barbados...."

"...The Scandinavian consulships too were passed on. In due course Harold became a Knight of Vasa and Francis became a Knight of St Olaf. After the Second World War, Harold's son Bruce, mentioned above, who had succeeded him as Consul for Norway, was also made a Knight of the same order - three generations of unbroken service to the Kingdom of Norway. On Harold's marriage in 1904, his mother decided to vacate the house in his favour, he to pay her a rent of £100 p.a. The small mortgage outstanding was paid off by Harold's bride with wedding present money. Dora and D.H.A. left Barbados for England where they spent the rest of their lives. In 1916 Dora Austin died leaving Enmore and its contents to Harold, with the exception of certain bequests itemised separately. The reason for this, given in her will, was that he was the son 'in possession'. The house was once again a family home and the tradition of hospitality was kept up until the death of its owner, then Sir Harold Austin, in 1943. It was sold and eventually the site was redeveloped and became a hospital [Queen Elizabeth Hospital?]. Now the old deer paddock is covered with buildings and the land where once the elite of Barbados society played tennis is built over with accommodation for medical staff. The ruins of the old windmill alone remain as a reminder of the past...." [5]

Sadly even the windmill may no longer be there depending upon this outcome of the hospital (from 2008)

Roy E-Mailed the Q.E. Hospital in Barbados
sent to

The only remains is the circular driveway. A confidential source made a trip down there obtaining an old map plotting it. Somehow Richard Taylor1 built it or bought it. He would travel across the grounds to the Garrison building for 35 years as the supply officer for the English Navy. It has taken couple years to compile the following evidence. According to cousin Keith, our GF, Kjartan 'Kay' was offered property in Barbados. He later regretted not buying it. Most of the family sold real estate, becoming attached to a property was not their way. Only Caroline TAYLOR Croney's children remained on the Island, or possibly Trinidad. The Taylors moved to Kingston, Ontario.
[add citations [xx]

I have done extensive research on my family and ties to Barbados Island. I believe the only remnant of their past might be a windmill on the property.

My family, the Taylors once owned Enmore Cottage, not to be confused with Enmore, as I was for many years. I am in a possession of a map showing it was at your ambulance area. While I intend to contact the local historical society there, my luck with them across the globe has ended with little to no help. That is why I am asking if you could please direct me to the appropriate representative for your hospital.

June 4, 2017

Ariel View of Enmore 1951

Courtesy of John Knox

I am trying to verify if the watermill still exists, exactly where it is located, and some good photos of it.

Thank you very much for your time.
Roy Einar Christopherson

Reference 1 to watermill:

Reference 2 to QEH:
The house was once again a family home and the tradition of hospitality was kept up until the death of its owner, then Sir Harold Austin, in 1943. It was sold and eventually the site was redeveloped and became a hospital [Queen Elizabeth Hospital?]. Now the old deer paddock is covered with buildings and the land where once the elite of Barbados society played tennis is built over with accommodation for medical staff. The ruins of the old windmill alone remain as a reminder of the past...." [5]

Q.E. Hospital never replied.

Harriet from Barbados Library did confirm the Watermill on the old Enmore property was no longer there.
Paste exact txt...

September 1st, 2012
'THFS book by [redacted] is now in Roy's hot lil' hands!
Corrections from above by redacted who personally visited Barbados and with Jean.
Enmore Cottage was where Enmore Health Clinic is now, SW of Queen Elizabeth Hospital next to Pine Road - south side, and North of Lower Collymore Rock Rd.
PG 10 - Caroline Taylor, dau. of Richard Taylor Sr. m. Samuel Henry CRONEY. In 1858 the property was transferred to them. WE HAVE CHILDRENS names!

The Taylor house? Enmore Cottagein 1978 was a health clinic.An emergency ambulance dispatch center with same circular driveway from 1858.
" The emergency ambulance service in Barbados is operated by the Queen Elizabeth Hospital and can be called upon in the event of an emergency. QEH ambulance crews co-operate with the Barbados Defence Force (BDF) ambulance service in case of mass casualty. There are 10 ambulances at the QEH and 2 at the BDF. Ambulance crews are allowed to perform CPR, advanced cardiac life support and administer IV's. There is one decentralized ambulance dispatch point at Arch Hall, St. Thomas, at the fire station. "

Richard Taylor Jr., went to Trinidad, then St. Vincent.

Wow! They have a photo of Richard Taylor Sr. Correction, Jr.

Jan, 14, 2012: Found this website with photos of Barbados water/wind mills
Sent email to the Hospital in search of the only evidence of Enmore...a watermill.

Search for: QEH ambulance and barbados
Photo 1 This photo was taken on December 20, 2011 in Saint Michael, Barbados (BB) By geminiexplorer2
Photo 2 The Ena Walters roundabout in Bridgetown, St. Michael. At the centre of the junction of Jemmotts Lane, Martindales and River Roads and Lower Collymore Rock Road(Highway 6).
The Caribbean Photo Archive

Enmore Cottage is now the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Ambulance Service Right just out of the photo is the entrance to the original circle driveway that still exists. Possibly a gazeebo.

Could Enmore Cottage be named after Enmore Castle East, and what is the connection if not family?
Vintage Map of Enmore, UK

Maps of Norfolk, England
All roads lead to Norwich

Another map of Norfolk with detailed town names in sections.

Maps of Shropshire
Map of Shrop shire.

A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 6: Andersfield, Cannington, and North Petherton Hundreds (Bridgwater and neighbouring parishes by R W Dunning, C R Elrington (Editors), A P Baggs, M C Siraut 1992 source
'Enmore: Manors and other estates'
Algar held ENMORE in 1066 and Geoffrey was the tenant under Roger de Courcelles in 1086... Owned by The Mallets, not Taylors. Passed to Wilmot, then Baynton.
"Algar held ENMORE in 1066 and Geoffrey was the tenant under Roger de Courcelles in 1086."..".In 1833 and 1834 the estate, including the castle and its contents, were put up for sale to pay debts."..."In 1834 the new owner,
Nicholas Broadmead, demolished the Castle, described by a neighbour as 'very ugly ill built'..."

Enmore castle
Enmore Castle Somershire

A noble Norman family of great antiquity, who were of baronial rank immediately after the Conquest, descended from William Baron Malet, whose grandson, another William Baron Malet, was expelled by Henry I.
The elder branch of the family were long seated at Enmore, in the county of Somerset, but the ancestors of the present family, whose baronetcy was conferred for services in the East Indies; at Corypole and Wolleigh,
in the county of Devon, and at Pointington and St. Audries, in Somersetshire. Wilbury was purchased in 1803.
See Hoare's Modern Wiltshire, vol. i. pt. ii. p. 106; Collinson's History of Somersetshire, vol. i. p. 90 ; and the Gentleman's Maga- zine for 1799, p. 117.
ARMS. Azure, three escallops or.
Present Representative, Sir Alexander Charles Malet, second Baronet.


"Samuel Henry Croney" and barbados

"caroline" and "Samuel Henry CRONEY" and barbados results in this website only

Croney's from Barbados
This might be the father of Samuel Henry Croney, Samuel Croney, son of John CRONEY and Alice WILLOUGHBY,

Generation No. 6
11. Thomasin Catharine6 Sullivan (Sophia Matilda5 Letts, John William4, William3, John2, William1) She married Samuel Henry Croney 19 Nov 1850 in St. Michael, Barbados, W.I., son of Samuel Croney and Elizabeth King.

More About Thomasin Catharine Sullivan: Christening: 3 Jun 1825, St. Michael, Barbados, W.I.

More About Samuel Henry Croney: Christening: 2 Jun 1822, Christ Church, Barbados, W.I.

Child of Thomasin Sullivan and Samuel Croney is: 16 i. Elizabeth Bell7 Croney.

More About Elizabeth Bell : Christening: 11 Aug 1848, St. John, Barbados, W.I.
end: SOURCE .

"Mary H. Robson"

"Richard Taylor" and "Trinidad" and d. 1862
On search page 3

"R. Taylor Jr. now of Trinidad."
has no related result

"R. Taylor" and "Trinidad" and 1850

"Richard Taylor" and "St. Vincent" and 1800 page 4

"Taylor" and "Margaret Vaughan Robson," and Trinidad has no results

QEH ambulance and barbados
Image 2 Could this be the Enmore Cottage Court?

"jemmots lane, barbados"
Ena Walters roundabout, Barbados.jpg
sh: The Ena Walters roundabout in Bridgetown, St. Michael. At the centre of the junction of Jemmotts Lane, Martindales and River Roads and Lower Collymore Rock Road(Highway 6).

"Richard Taylor" and "Trinidad" and d. 1862
Book Harper's book of facts: a classified encyclopaedia of the history of the ...

enmore, somerset, england
"vintage map" and enmore, somerset, england and 1700

"enmore, somerset, england Google map

Port City Bristol old drawings - sugar mill
EPub free program to convert a PDF to Epub format to read a book (THFS) on iphone

Francis Frith maps
Counties within Eng maps
Gloustershire maps
Search for maps
Old Maps of Enmore

Lower Lakes Somerset

St. Pauls Church in Barbados was close to Enmore Cottage.

W E S T I N D I E S ,
Published 1845
" the most ancient of our Western colonies."

"They have wind mills and cattle mills. As for watermills, we must not speak of them at Barbados, there are no rivers to turn them,
and water is sometimes more scarce and dearer than wine and beer. .I have often seen at Guadaloupe English Barks fro111
Antigua and other places that came to load with water from our river, for private persons who were in want of it, or for ships whicth
were to return to Europe. This defect of water is common to all the English islands except St. Christopher, and causes them great
inconvcnionce, especially at Barbados, where they are reduced to the necessity of preserving rain water in pools and ponds, some
of which are natural, and others artificial, but of whatever kind they may be, the..." PG 16

"..."The estates or plantations, as they are called, are much smaller in proportion than they are in the French islands ; and one
ought not to be surprised at that ; the island is not large, and has a good many inhabitants ;ground is required for every body,
that's the reason of their having little of it, and that it is very dear. The houses that are on the plantations are yet better built
than those in the towns ;they are large, well laid out, have glass windows, the dis-tribution of the apartments is convenient and
well understood. They are almost all accompanied with handsome avenues of tamaind, or large orange, that me call Shaddock
trees, or other trees that give a cool air, and render the houses quite cheerful. One observes the opulence and the good taste of the
inhabitants in their furnitures, w5ich are magnificent, and in their plate, of which they have all considerable quantities, so that if
an enemy took this island, that article alone would be as good as the prize of their Galleons and something more, and this enterprise
is not so difficult as people may imagine ;..." PG 17

'...We dined at Jamestown as we had done in coming, and we arrived very late at Bridgetown, having remained a long time at table, and rode
very gently, in order that I might be able to contemplate more at leisure this fine country, that I felt a regret in quitting....' PG 22

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